In Sri Lanka,128 killed, 122 disappeared due to natural disasters in 2016

by iVoice Staff
23-Dec-2016

A report submitted by the Ministry of Disaster Management of Sri Lanka to the parliament indicates that 128 persons have been killed and further 122 have been disappeared due to natural disasters in 2016. Further 59 persons have been injured in natural disaster situations.

The deaths and disappearances have been caused by floods, landslides and lightening etc. Landslides were the mostly disastrous whereas 67 persons were killed and 117 were disappeared in them. Meanwhile, floods took 26 lives.

Natural disasters in 2016 have affected a total of 654,316 individuals of 189,556 families in Sri Lanka.

The number of houses fully damaged was 861 while 7955 houses were partly damaged.

Around a year ago, the United Nations Population Fund’s (UNFPA) highlighted in State of the World 2015 report, that the likelihood of being displaced by a disaster today is 60 per cent higher than it was four year’s ago. In 2015, more than 100 million people were in need of humanitarian assistance, up from 88 million in 2014 and 78 million in 2013. About a quarter of them were women and adolescent girls of child bearing age – between 15 and 49.

When a crisis strikes, women and girls tend to be disproportionately disadvantaged. Without the usual protection of family and community, women and adolescent girls frequently become victims of sexual violence, unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.

Following photos the Kiyanna team captured at a temporary IDP camp at Wellampitiya in Colombo city outskirts speak for them.

(This article was originally published in www.kiyanna.lk. That site is now changed to www.ivoice.lk owned by SDJF and supported by UNFPA)

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2017

5 votes
வளர்ந்து லரும் தொழிநுட்பமும் இன்றைய இளைஞர் சமுகமும்...
The problem
இவ்வாறான பிரட்சினைகளை முழுமையாகத்தடுக்கமுடியாமல் இருப்பினும் கூட ஓரளவுகுறைபபதற்கான சில வழிமுறைகள். 1.குறிப்பிட்ட ஒரு வயதிற்கு மேற்பட்டவர்கள் மாத்திரம் smart phones பயன்படுத்த முடியுமென அரசின் மூலம் சட்டம் கொண்டுவரப்படல். 2.பெற்றோரின் கவனத்தின் கீழ் பிள்ளைகள் smart phones பயன்படுத்தக்கூடியவாரான ஏற்பாடுகளை செய்யுமாறு பெற்றோருக்கான செயளமர்வுகளைநடாத்தல். 3.ஆபாசபபடம் மற்றும் ஏனைய கெட்ட விடயங்களை smart phonesயை பயன்படுத்தி செய்வதால் ஏற்படும் தீமைகளைபாடசாலை மாணவர்கள் மற்றும் இளைஞர்களுக்கு செயலமர்வுகள் மூலம் தெளிவுபடுத்தல்.
The solution
இவ்வாறான பிரட்சினைகளை முழுமையாகத்தடுக்கமுடியாமல் இருப்பினும் கூட ஓரளவுகுறைபபதற்கான சில வழிமுறைகள். 1.குறிப்பிட்ட ஒரு வயதிற்கு மேற்பட்டவர்கள் மாத்திரம் smart phones பயன்படுத்த முடியுமென அரசின் மூலம் சட்டம் கொண்டுவரப்படல். 2.பெற்றோரின் கவனத்தின் கீழ் பிள்ளைகள் smart phones பயன்படுத்தக்கூடியவாரான ஏற்பாடுகளை செய்யுமாறு பெற்றோருக்கான செயளமர்வுகளைநடாத்தல். 3.ஆபாசபபடம் மற்றும் ஏனைய கெட்ட விடயங்களை smart phonesயை பயன்படுத்தி செய்வதால் ஏற்படும் தீமைகளைபாடசாலை மாணவர்கள் மற்றும் இளைஞர்களுக்கு செயலமர்வுகள் மூலம் தெளிவுபடுத்தல்.
Budget

100000

by Mohamed Faslan
66 votes
From Slum To The School
The problem
I'm having a plan to select 10 children and their families for a successful operation. (As this is the first plan, I'd prefer selecting Maligawatha area) Tasks: 1. To find out the 10 families, through every available networks. (Teachers, Mosque -Temple-Church-Kovil heads, The model youth of such areas, Police officers, etc) 2. The first hard mission is to reach them - Through taking a 2,000 LKR worthy dry ration pack to their home, they'd welcome us with a smile! 3. It's a must to get the real story of the entire family. 4. To give some motivation for family members in such a needy way (father - earning plans/ mother - at least for managing the house/ the child - to study) 5. Finding a suitable school. 6. Making arrangements to enroll them in schools. 7. Donating the full school pack (Stationary items, School bag, Two sets of School Uniform, A voucher for pair of shoes - worthy 5,000 LKR) to the children 8. Taking them to the school with their parents and making them enjoy the day with a simple meal (1,000 LKR per family) 9. A fortnightly monitoring plan 10. After 6 months, felicitating them for their achievements. Hosting them a casual dinner with a Minister (Minister of Education or MInister of Higher Education or another relevant minister)
The solution
I'm having a plan to select 10 children and their families for a successful operation. (As this is the first plan, I'd prefer selecting Maligawatha area) Tasks: 1. To find out the 10 families, through every available networks. (Teachers, Mosque -Temple-Church-Kovil heads, The model youth of such areas, Police officers, etc) 2. The first hard mission is to reach them - Through taking a 2,000 LKR worthy dry ration pack to their home, they'd welcome us with a smile! 3. It's a must to get the real story of the entire family. 4. To give some motivation for family members in such a needy way (father - earning plans/ mother - at least for managing the house/ the child - to study) 5. Finding a suitable school. 6. Making arrangements to enroll them in schools. 7. Donating the full school pack (Stationary items, School bag, Two sets of School Uniform, A voucher for pair of shoes - worthy 5,000 LKR) to the children 8. Taking them to the school with their parents and making them enjoy the day with a simple meal (1,000 LKR per family) 9. A fortnightly monitoring plan 10. After 6 months, felicitating them for their achievements. Hosting them a casual dinner with a Minister (Minister of Education or MInister of Higher Education or another relevant minister)
Budget

200000

by yasirismail777
12 votes
Solid waste management
The problem
We have great responsibility to protect our environment. Each and every individual shoud take initiative to reduce environmental pollution. To overcome this problem, i have planned to implement idea. For this idea we need to ask help from public that who are interested in social work, grama sevaha and relevent authority.(eg: municipal council) I have planned to keep very large bins in the particular place in each village. I need to aware among public to put bins in that large bins regularly. And also need to aware relevant authority to collect bins on weekly basis. I have planned to nominate two persons from each village to observe the proper bin collection on weekly basis. If it is not done by relevant authority immediately the resource persons will inform to grama sevaha. Grama sevaha will complain to relevant authority about improper bin collection . Through these 3 resource persons we can observe the bin collection from each village. I have planned to issue a feedback form to households. People also can write their feedback about the bin collection provided by the relevant authority. At the end of the month we can collect those forms through grama sevaha. This idea is to start with 3 villages and if it is successful we can introduce to many villages. save the planet.
The solution
We have great responsibility to protect our environment. Each and every individual shoud take initiative to reduce environmental pollution. To overcome this problem, i have planned to implement idea. For this idea we need to ask help from public that who are interested in social work, grama sevaha and relevent authority.(eg: municipal council) I have planned to keep very large bins in the particular place in each village. I need to aware among public to put bins in that large bins regularly. And also need to aware relevant authority to collect bins on weekly basis. I have planned to nominate two persons from each village to observe the proper bin collection on weekly basis. If it is not done by relevant authority immediately the resource persons will inform to grama sevaha. Grama sevaha will complain to relevant authority about improper bin collection . Through these 3 resource persons we can observe the bin collection from each village. I have planned to issue a feedback form to households. People also can write their feedback about the bin collection provided by the relevant authority. At the end of the month we can collect those forms through grama sevaha. This idea is to start with 3 villages and if it is successful we can introduce to many villages. save the planet.
Budget

90000

by Nivetha
3 votes
දුරබැහැර නගරයක බස් නැවතුම් අසල LED පුවරුවලින් සමාජයට වැදගත් පණිවුඩ සන්නිවේදනය
The problem
මීගහතැන්න පර්වධාන බස්නැවතුම් තුන අසල වෙළඳ ආයතන ඉදිරිපිට මෙවැනි පුවරු ඉදිකිරීම ඉතා වැදගත් බව අපේ අදහසයි. බස් නැවතුමක් ඉදිරිපිට ගත කරන කාලයෙන් ජනතාවට යමක් අත්පත් කරගැනීමට මෙහිදී අවස්ථාව උදා වේ. රාජ්යත ආයතන මගින් සිදුකරන ජනතා දැනුවත් කිරීම් සදහා පුළුල් ඉඩක් මේ පුවරු මගින් වෙන් කර ගත හැක. ඒ සදහා උදාහරණ පහත දැක්විය හැක. සෙඛ්යා වෛද්යැ නිලධාරී කාර්යාලය:- • බෝ නොවන රෝග පිළිබද දැනුවත් කිරීම • ඩෙංගු වළකවා ගැනීම • ප්‍රදේශයේ ඩෙංගු වයර්ප්ත වන පරේවදේශ පිළිබද දත්ත • සායන පැවැත්වෙන /නොවන දිනයන් • සුනඛ එන්නත් කරන දිනයන් හා ස්ථාන. • පරා් දේශීය සභාව:- • කසළ කළමණාකරණය • වරිපනම් ගෙවිම් කලහැකි අවසන් දිනය. විදුලි බල මණ්ඩලය • විදුලිය අත්හිටුවීම සම්බන්ධව පූර්ව දැනුවත් කිරීම. ජල සම්පාදන මණ්ඩලය • ජල සැපයුම සම්බන්ධ දැනුවත් කිරීම. • පොලීසිය • මාර්ග අනතුරු ඇතුළු අනාරක්ෂිත අවස්ථා ගැන දැනුවත් කිරීම. • මාර්ග සංවර්ධන අධිකාරිය • මාර්ග සංවර්ධන කටයුතු නිසා විකල්ප මාර්ග භාවිතය පිළිබද දැනුවත් වීම. පාසල • කරී් ඩා උත්සව පැවැත්වෙන දින. • පාසලෙන් වෙද්යක පරීක්ෂණ පැවැත්වෙන දින. ආගමික ස්ථාන වල පණිවිඩ • විශේෂ ධර්ම දේශනා පැවැත්වෙන දිනයන් මීට අමතරව,  දවසේ බස්රථ කාලසටහන (බස්රථ මීගහතැන්න පසු කරන වේලාවන්)  හදිසි අවස්ථාවකදී ගිලන්රථ සේවාව(1990) භාවිතා කිරීම පිළිබද ජනතාව දැනුවත් කිරීම.  තේ පොහොර සහනාධාරය සදහා අයදුම් භාර ගන්නා අවසාන දින.  දැන් වේලාව  කාළගුණ වෙනස්වීම් උදා:- මාර්ගය ජලයෙන් යටවීම නිසා වාහන ගමන් කළ හැක්කේ පැලවත්ත දක්වා පමණි. වෙළද පොළේ Panal 8 කින් යුත් L.E.D පුවරුවක් රු.50000 පමණ වේ. මෙවැනිම පුවරුවක කොටස් වෙන වෙනම මිලදී ගෙන සවි කරගන්නේ නම් ඊට රු 35,000 පමාණවත්ය. ඒ ආකාරයට L.E.D පුවරුවක් සකසා ගැනීම පිළිබඳ හා එය ක්රි,යාත්මක කිරීම පිළිබඳ දැනුම කණ්ඩායමේ සාමාජිකයන් සතුව ඇත. ඒ අනුව අප බලාපොරොත්තු වන පුවරු තුන සදහාම වැය වන්නේ රු 105,000 පමණි. මෙම පුවරු වෙනුවෙන් විදුලිය ලබාදෙන ව්යාටපාරිකයින්ට ඔවුන්ගේ ව්ය පාරය ප්රදවර්ධනය වෙනුවෙන් ඉඩක් ලබා දීමෙන් නඩත්තු හා විදුලි වියදම් නොමැතිව පවත්වාගෙන යා හැක.
The solution
මීගහතැන්න පර්වධාන බස්නැවතුම් තුන අසල වෙළඳ ආයතන ඉදිරිපිට මෙවැනි පුවරු ඉදිකිරීම ඉතා වැදගත් බව අපේ අදහසයි. බස් නැවතුමක් ඉදිරිපිට ගත කරන කාලයෙන් ජනතාවට යමක් අත්පත් කරගැනීමට මෙහිදී අවස්ථාව උදා වේ. රාජ්යත ආයතන මගින් සිදුකරන ජනතා දැනුවත් කිරීම් සදහා පුළුල් ඉඩක් මේ පුවරු මගින් වෙන් කර ගත හැක. ඒ සදහා උදාහරණ පහත දැක්විය හැක. සෙඛ්යා වෛද්යැ නිලධාරී කාර්යාලය:- • බෝ නොවන රෝග පිළිබද දැනුවත් කිරීම • ඩෙංගු වළකවා ගැනීම • ප්‍රදේශයේ ඩෙංගු වයර්ප්ත වන පරේවදේශ පිළිබද දත්ත • සායන පැවැත්වෙන /නොවන දිනයන් • සුනඛ එන්නත් කරන දිනයන් හා ස්ථාන. • පරා් දේශීය සභාව:- • කසළ කළමණාකරණය • වරිපනම් ගෙවිම් කලහැකි අවසන් දිනය. විදුලි බල මණ්ඩලය • විදුලිය අත්හිටුවීම සම්බන්ධව පූර්ව දැනුවත් කිරීම. ජල සම්පාදන මණ්ඩලය • ජල සැපයුම සම්බන්ධ දැනුවත් කිරීම. • පොලීසිය • මාර්ග අනතුරු ඇතුළු අනාරක්ෂිත අවස්ථා ගැන දැනුවත් කිරීම. • මාර්ග සංවර්ධන අධිකාරිය • මාර්ග සංවර්ධන කටයුතු නිසා විකල්ප මාර්ග භාවිතය පිළිබද දැනුවත් වීම. පාසල • කරී් ඩා උත්සව පැවැත්වෙන දින. • පාසලෙන් වෙද්යක පරීක්ෂණ පැවැත්වෙන දින. ආගමික ස්ථාන වල පණිවිඩ • විශේෂ ධර්ම දේශනා පැවැත්වෙන දිනයන් මීට අමතරව,  දවසේ බස්රථ කාලසටහන (බස්රථ මීගහතැන්න පසු කරන වේලාවන්)  හදිසි අවස්ථාවකදී ගිලන්රථ සේවාව(1990) භාවිතා කිරීම පිළිබද ජනතාව දැනුවත් කිරීම.  තේ පොහොර සහනාධාරය සදහා අයදුම් භාර ගන්නා අවසාන දින.  දැන් වේලාව  කාළගුණ වෙනස්වීම් උදා:- මාර්ගය ජලයෙන් යටවීම නිසා වාහන ගමන් කළ හැක්කේ පැලවත්ත දක්වා පමණි. වෙළද පොළේ Panal 8 කින් යුත් L.E.D පුවරුවක් රු.50000 පමණ වේ. මෙවැනිම පුවරුවක කොටස් වෙන වෙනම මිලදී ගෙන සවි කරගන්නේ නම් ඊට රු 35,000 පමාණවත්ය. ඒ ආකාරයට L.E.D පුවරුවක් සකසා ගැනීම පිළිබඳ හා එය ක්රි,යාත්මක කිරීම පිළිබඳ දැනුම කණ්ඩායමේ සාමාජිකයන් සතුව ඇත. ඒ අනුව අප බලාපොරොත්තු වන පුවරු තුන සදහාම වැය වන්නේ රු 105,000 පමණි. මෙම පුවරු වෙනුවෙන් විදුලිය ලබාදෙන ව්යාටපාරිකයින්ට ඔවුන්ගේ ව්ය පාරය ප්රදවර්ධනය වෙනුවෙන් ඉඩක් ලබා දීමෙන් නඩත්තු හා විදුලි වියදම් නොමැතිව පවත්වාගෙන යා හැක.
Budget

105000

by chamal
6 votes
"Elderly": from the state of dependency to the empowered!!
The problem
As an initiative, select one Grama Niladhari Division to launch and implement the concept of empowering the elderly. (Thiragama GN division, Mallawapitiya DSD in Kurunegala District). Identify the population/number of elderly people (above 60 years of age) in the village, with the permission and help of the Village officer (Grama Niladhari). Assess the ratio of men and women belonging to the elderly population. Check on the availability of certain types of community programmes/ village societies for the elderly in the village. (Already available at Thiragama GN division) Contact responsible office bearers of the relevant society (Elders’ Society) and collect data about the members of the Elders’ society in the area. Assess what type of activities they do, participation of the members and what benefits they receive by being members of the Elders’ Society. Organize and conduct awareness programmes for the members of the Elders’ society on “empowering the elderly” by an invited resource person/s. (Provide refreshments for participants) Identify the skills, potentials of the members and create a platform to share their experiences/ ideas and find ways to apply their knowledge when addressing local level issues. Get the participation of governmental and private authorities who are responsible for ensuring the well-being of the community and strengthen the link between those institutions and the elderly community of the village. Conduct workshops (twice a month) to introduce self-employment modes or ways to use the time productively for their development as well as for that of the society. (For example; on producing traditional food items as a small-scale business, home-gardening, maintaining a plant nursery to sell plants, weaving mats & hand-crafts; either as self-help groups or at an individual basis) Encourage the participation and assistance of other family members to enable the elderly for engaging in work they love. Observe the progress of individuals or self-help groups, after one and half months (06 weeks from the commencement) with the participation to workshops and identify 05 inspired, potential individuals or a group showing progress in their productive role. A panel comprising of responsible government officers and other private parties willing to sponsor for their further development will be involved for the selection. Provide material funds and advisory services for the selected members via governmental institutions and private funding firms those who are willing to contribute. Build links with markets/firms to buy their produce and ensure fairness of trade by the involvement of responsible authorities. Appreciate the empowered elderly members within the community and recognize them as leadership figures within the Elders’ society to inspire other individuals. Introduce this concept to other local communities if proven successful and productive.
The solution
As an initiative, select one Grama Niladhari Division to launch and implement the concept of empowering the elderly. (Thiragama GN division, Mallawapitiya DSD in Kurunegala District). Identify the population/number of elderly people (above 60 years of age) in the village, with the permission and help of the Village officer (Grama Niladhari). Assess the ratio of men and women belonging to the elderly population. Check on the availability of certain types of community programmes/ village societies for the elderly in the village. (Already available at Thiragama GN division) Contact responsible office bearers of the relevant society (Elders’ Society) and collect data about the members of the Elders’ society in the area. Assess what type of activities they do, participation of the members and what benefits they receive by being members of the Elders’ Society. Organize and conduct awareness programmes for the members of the Elders’ society on “empowering the elderly” by an invited resource person/s. (Provide refreshments for participants) Identify the skills, potentials of the members and create a platform to share their experiences/ ideas and find ways to apply their knowledge when addressing local level issues. Get the participation of governmental and private authorities who are responsible for ensuring the well-being of the community and strengthen the link between those institutions and the elderly community of the village. Conduct workshops (twice a month) to introduce self-employment modes or ways to use the time productively for their development as well as for that of the society. (For example; on producing traditional food items as a small-scale business, home-gardening, maintaining a plant nursery to sell plants, weaving mats & hand-crafts; either as self-help groups or at an individual basis) Encourage the participation and assistance of other family members to enable the elderly for engaging in work they love. Observe the progress of individuals or self-help groups, after one and half months (06 weeks from the commencement) with the participation to workshops and identify 05 inspired, potential individuals or a group showing progress in their productive role. A panel comprising of responsible government officers and other private parties willing to sponsor for their further development will be involved for the selection. Provide material funds and advisory services for the selected members via governmental institutions and private funding firms those who are willing to contribute. Build links with markets/firms to buy their produce and ensure fairness of trade by the involvement of responsible authorities. Appreciate the empowered elderly members within the community and recognize them as leadership figures within the Elders’ society to inspire other individuals. Introduce this concept to other local communities if proven successful and productive.
Budget

100000

by Kumudu
36 votes
Integrated Rescue Group for Land Slide Disaster Management
The problem
This research endeavors to add an additional dimension by addition of movability and longer range and close vicinity surveillance by utilizing quadcopter, crawling and earth piercing set of robots. All platforms being equipped with detector for thermal signature. The proposed solution keep the humans at bay and could prevent risking human lives, but utterly risking the same of robots. Above all this prevents the requirement of 24x7 based continuous monitoring, thereby provides some physical and psychological freedom to human rescue parties. So, they could be efficiently focused and effectively active for other essential tasks such as first aid at a safer distance from the disaster site, by assigning monitoring to the sensors. All aforesaid sensors are not essential to be wireless except in an extreme requirement, but expected to be wired and powered by the main power. During an extreme situation they will do away from the fixed power mode and to RF mode.
The solution
This research endeavors to add an additional dimension by addition of movability and longer range and close vicinity surveillance by utilizing quadcopter, crawling and earth piercing set of robots. All platforms being equipped with detector for thermal signature. The proposed solution keep the humans at bay and could prevent risking human lives, but utterly risking the same of robots. Above all this prevents the requirement of 24x7 based continuous monitoring, thereby provides some physical and psychological freedom to human rescue parties. So, they could be efficiently focused and effectively active for other essential tasks such as first aid at a safer distance from the disaster site, by assigning monitoring to the sensors. All aforesaid sensors are not essential to be wireless except in an extreme requirement, but expected to be wired and powered by the main power. During an extreme situation they will do away from the fixed power mode and to RF mode.
Budget

150000

by Enesh Fernando

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